8.2 Ecotourism


Definition: Tourism directed towards exotic natural environments, intended to support conservation efforts and observe wildlife.

                   It is typically defined as travel to destinations where the flora, fauna, and cultural heritage are the primary attractions. 

Aims of Ecotourism:

  1. Find ways and implement the steps to promote and preserve the entire local ecosystems, (not just concentrating on an individual species or sites)

      2. To be economically viable in order to attract maximum number of tourists and to manage sustainable                           environment;

      3. To be well planned to meet the demands of true ecotourism;

      4. To be financed to manage and to market or mark the correct environmental and recreational demands of                     ecotourism.

      5. To preserve the natural resources while also promoting them and accommodating volumes of tourists.

      6. Find steps benefiting the well-being of indigenous peoples.

Advantages of Ecotourism:

  1. Biodiversity of given area is conserved and maintained.
  2. Over exploitation of natural resources can be reduced.
  3. The beauty of underwater realm is maintained.
  4. Doors will be opened for the generation of local income.
  5. Endangered and tourist attraction species are well managed.
  6. Eco-lodges allow visitors to experience local lifestyles and customs.
  7. Country can adopt environmentally responsible practices, such as recycling, use of renewable energy sources, water-conservation schemes and safe waste disposal etc.
  8. Positive experiences can be gained by both hosts and tourists.

Environmental impacts of ecotourism:

          Environment face many positive impacts from ecotourism, however, negative effects also exist.

  • Ecotourism cause disruption of ecological life systems and various forms of pollution.
  • Ecotourism generate revenue it enhance a high number of traffic, tourists, which inevitably means a higher pressure on the environment.
  • The conversion of natural land to tourist infrastructure is implicated in deforestation and habitat deterioration.
  • Ecotourism activity involves wildlife viewing, it can scare away animals, disrupt their feeding and nesting sites.
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